Oral disease and Dental Problems

As if I’m at risk for oral or dental disease?

Many risk factors are due to the environment or the result of the behavior of each person. This means that these factors may change and that dental and oral diseases could be prevented in some cases.

Some risk factors you can control:


Foods rich in sugars and starches promotes tooth decay.


The grinding and clenching your teeth can cause them to loosen and also increase the chances of infections, gum disease and tooth loss.

Habits of children

The habits of children, such as thumb sucking, pacifier use, or grinding your teeth at night can affect the development of your teeth and gums.


Smoking is a major risk factor for gum disease. Smokers are more likely to have plaque on your teeth, have deeper pockets between teeth and gums and lose more bone and tissue supporting the teeth. In fact, smoking can cause gum recession, bone loss and increase the advance of gum disease.

Excessive use of alcohol and drugs

Drugs and alcohol can cause dry mouth, which promotes tooth decay. Also, can cause stress, which cause bruxism. In addition, people who abuse drugs and alcohol tend to have good dental hygiene practices.

Medical problems:

Diabetes, osteoporosis, inflammatory bowel disease, Down syndrome, and AIDS are among the conditions that make people more susceptible to developing gum disease, according to available medical records. Gum disease becomes more difficult for diabetics to control blood sugar. If you have diabetes or smoke, and 45 years or more, you have a 20 times greater risk of suffering from gum disease. If you have osteoporosis, the loss of minerals can cause the bones supporting the teeth more vulnerable to infection and increases the risk of gum disease and tooth loss.

Some risk factors you can not control:

Family Medical History

Inheritance is a risk factor in many patients with periodontal disease, scientists believe that some people inherit minor defects in their immune system, making it easier to develop gum disease. The bacteria that cause gum disease are in the saliva and can pass from one person to another. If a person in the family suffer from gum disease, all family members should be examined. In the United States, African Americans and American mexico are slightly more likely to develop gum disease than whites. African-American men and mexico-Americans have the greatest impact.

Drinking water

What was the quality of drinking water when you were growing up? Did it contain fluoride? Many communities have fluoride in drinking water to help the teeth are stronger and more resistant to decay. People who live in places where there is fluoride in drinking water have a higher risk to suffer damage to the teeth.


Some medications can cause stains, dry mouth and other symptoms. Drugs such as steroids, birth control pills, anti-convulsants, medications for high blood pressure, cancer drugs and heart medications can make you more prone to gum disease. Also called immunosuppressive drugs which lower the body’s natural defenses to combat foreign materials or agents. Tell your dentist if you take any of these medications and follow their suggestions.


Anything that causes changes in the level of female sex hormones such as puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, menopause, and anti-conceptive pills makes women more likely to develop gum disease because the hormones cause the gums are more sensitive to irritants and plaque (plaque formation).


Children and the elderly are at increased risk of developing caries. Over 90 percent of oral cancers occur in patients older than 45 years. The incidence increases with age until 65, when the risk is diminished.

About the Author
Our clients and their health information team members view Zweena Health Record as an essential element of their personal health management.

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