Prevention and treatment of traumatic anterior teeth in children

Dental trauma to the teeth by external force, blow or impact caused by the tooth, the pulp and periodontal tissue damage. Children more active, strenuous exercise or play is often prone to bump or fall, sometimes due to other accidents, are easy to cause dental trauma. Anterior teeth in a more prominent parts of the face, but also the lack of protection of the facial skin, muscle, therefore, the most common traumatic anterior teeth in pediatric dentistry clinical

Deciduous trauma occurred in children 1-2 years old, about 1/2 of the deciduous trauma during this period children start learning to walk, and easy to fall and cause dental trauma. Scholars have reported that children aged 2-4 deciduous trauma there is an increasing trend in recent years, and pointed out that the change is related with the living environment. Young permanent trauma occurred in children aged 7-9, to reduce the incidence of dental trauma increases with age. Kindergarten children 2-7 years old, part of the large class children maxillary anterior teeth has been the eruption, and so must pay close attention in the nursery primary and permanent injury.

Children with dental trauma, children with the general condition of concept investigation to exclude the possibility of traumatic brain injury. Then the injured after a detailed inquiry. If you find a head injury, even suspicious, should also be timely to the general hospital to check, upon diagnosis and treatment of end of dental treatment.

1. Young permanent injury

Characteristics of young permanent injuries: dentin thinner, canal marrow angle, and so easily exposed pulp. In addition, the young permanent teeth, root is not fully developed, trauma and root canal treatment is likely to affect apical atresia. And tooth eruption process, the crown of filling repair more difficult. Consider the above characteristics, and young permanent teeth after trauma, prompt and Do porcelain teeth need root canal treatment appropriate treatment should be carried out in order to ensure the permanent teeth normal development.

Root is not fully developed young permanent teeth subjected to external forces could easily lead to tooth dislocation. For complete dislocation of the tooth, the Health Care should have a contingency processing: extrusion of teeth with normal saline or tap water rinse, place in milk or saline saved, or placed in children with sublingual, immediately to the hospital OK replantation. If the root surface contaminants must not use equipment scraping or scrub the root surface, do not hand or wrap teeth to the hospital, because this will damage the life of the periodontal tissues of periodontal healing.

In short, the trauma of young permanent teeth must attach importance to be dealt with promptly, in a timely manner to the hospital, and The beginning of wearing removable dentures Note need long-term outlook to check regularly reviewed, so as to minimize the damage.

2. Deciduous teeth trauma

Deciduous trauma occurred in the anterior teeth, especially in the upper central incisors, mostly caused by the fall. Deciduous root end of the developing permanent tooth germ, improper trauma or therapeutic treatment can cause permanent tooth germ injury. Light damage can cause permanent enamel hypoplasia, severe damage can lead to permanent tooth crown and root deformity, or even stop the development. Deciduous trauma should be paid.

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