Types Of Dental Cleaning

1-Healthy Mouth-a healthy mouth means you have coral pink gums or darker shades of brown, depending on the origin or ethnicity. The texture of healthy gums is like stippling in an orange peel. The spaces between tooth and the gum is 3mm or less. In other words a healthy mouth has a gum tissue covering the spaces between the teeth.

2-Gingivitis- Gingivitis is characterized by red, purple or swollen gums and the gums that bleed easily. Gums here won’t look like orange peel but smooth and shiny. Gingivitis may appear on one part of the mouth or it can affect the entire mouth. Bacterial plaque, irritations due to hard deposits called calculus is the main causes of gingivitis.

3-Periodontal Disease-This happens when mouth is infected by the bacteria and the immune system attacks the bone to remove the bacteria and toxins. This disease is often an inherited one and can occur in one part or the entire mouth. Bad breath, loose teeth, teeth falling out and pus exuding from gums are some of the symptoms of periodontal disease. Since the disease is genetic it can’t be cured completely but can be kept under control with routine treatments.

Based on the above mentioned mouth conditions the dentist recommends the cleaning options. Below are the cleaning options hat are available for different conditions of the mouth.

Prophylaxis- This type of cleaning is recommended for the patients with healthy mouth. The person might have a small area of gingivitis, but will not have periodontal disease.

Gross Debridement –Done to remove plaque and calculus from the mouth of a patient with gingivitis or periodontal disease. It also allows gum swelling to settle down before treatment.

Scale and Polish –Scaling and Polishing is done on patients with early periodontal disease or moderate to severe gingivitis. Before the scaling and polishing procedure, a gross debridement is performed on the patients. The whole procedure is performed to make sure that the patient is on a good road to dental health.

Root Planning –Root planning is also known as “deep cleaning” and is preceded by a gross debridement. The treatment is required for the patients with mild to moderate generalized or advanced localized periodontal disease.

Periodontal Cleaning – The patients with periodontal disease normally suffer from bone loss. This process is done to ensure that the patient does not suffer from further bone loss. The procedure is done on a three month basis or more often as per the need.

So now you have it! Do take care of your teeth to avoid more aggressive, painful appointments. This is also a reminder that periodical dental checkups are a must. 

About the Author
The author is a health counsellor and blog writer. In this article he is sharing information and product ideas to keep your teeth healthy and bright. For more information visit : http://www.flawlessdental.com/.

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